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Silvius Rus, Marinus Pennings, Lawrence Rauchwerger, "Sensitivity Analysis for Migrating Programs to Multi-Cores," Technical Report, TR06-015, Parasol Laboratory, Department of Computer Science, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, Dec 2006.
Technical Report(ps, pdf, abstract)

Recently, a technique known as Hybrid Analysis has demonstrated the possibility of automatic coarse grain program parallelization through an integrated combination of static and dynamic analysis techniques. The recent introduction of multi-cores for the mass market has on the one hand exacerbated the need for such a technology and, on the other hand, changed the cost/benefit ratio of parallelization. Multi-Cores have low communication costs but the degree of parallelism is relatively small (<100 processors for the next 5 years). Therefore hybrid parallelization techniques (static/dynamic analysis) need to keep their dynamic overhead very low in order to benefit multi-core systems. The Sensitivity Analysis (SA), presented in this paper is a novel technique that can reduce the dynamic overhead of previous Hybrid Analysis technology. Instead of dynamically evaluating the aggregated memory reference sets representing the potential data dependences, SA can frequently extract light weight, sufficient conditions for which these dependence sets are empty. The cost of the run-time evaluation of these conditions, named predicates, is low enough to make parallelization profitable on multi-cores. We have implemented the SA technology in the Polaris compiler and evaluated its performance on 22 benchmark SPEC and PERFECT codes. We have obtained speedups superior to the Intel ifort compiler in most cases because we could extract most of the available coarse grained parallelism.