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Samuel Rodriguez, Yinghua Zhang, Nicholas Gans, Nancy M. Amato, "Optimizing Aspects of Pedestrian Traffic in Building Designs," In Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Intel. Rob. Syst. (IROS), Nov 2013.
Proceedings(pdf, abstract)

In this work, we investigate aspects of building design that can be optimized. Architectural features that we explore include pillar placement in simple corridors, doorway placement in buildings, and agent placement for information dispersement in an evacuation. The metrics utilized are tuned to the specific scenarios we study, which include continuous flow pedestrian movement and building evacuation. We use Multi-dimensional Direct Search (MDS) optimization with an extreme barrier criteria to find optimal placements while enforcing building constraints.